tv CBS Evening News With Scott Pelley CBS June 4, 2012 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT
>> i would think so. >> pelley: tonight, american jobs in jeopardy. a slowdown in u.s. manufacturing and a banking crisis overseas threaten to derail the u.s. recovery. reports from anthony mason in new york and clarissa ward in spain. caught on tape: mark strassmann on the phone conversations that got george zimmerman thrown back in jail. could childhood cancer treatment raise the risk of cancer later in life? dr. jon lapook on what a new study has found. and mark phillips is there as the british royal family celebrates the past and looks toward the future. >> what we're seeing is the emergence of an inner core of young, cool royals. captioning sponsored by cbs this is the "cbs evening news"
with scott pelley. >> pelley: good evening, the prospects for a pickup in hiring are not looking for good tonight-- not at america's factories, anyway. a new report out today shows that demand for what those factories make is down. this follows friday's report of a sharp slowdown in job creation and a rise in the unemployment rate to 8.2%. when you include those americans who have given up looking for a job or who are forced to settle for part time work, the number of underemployed in this country totals more than 23 million. a big part of the problem is the continuing fear that europe's financial problems will spread here. so we have some insight tonight from both sides of the atlantic. first anthony mason in new york. >> reporter: suddenly the weather forecast for the u.s. economy is looking more and more cloudy. of 21 economic indicators that came out last week, 18 came in weaker than expected.
ethan harris is an economist at bank of america. >> well, i think the u.s. economy's caught in kind of a limbo state. not a recession but not really in a recovery. >> reporter: the latest sign the economy may be slowing: u.s. companies placed fewer orders to factories for the second straight month. that's worrisome because manufacturing's been one of the strongest job creators in the recovery, adding nearly half a million jobs since the start of 2010. >> i think we're grinding through this for a while. >> reporter: when bayard winthrop launched the american giant clothing company in february that created ten jobs at its san francisco headquarters and 150 sewing jobs at this factory in brisbane, california. american giant's business-- selling men's sweatshirts and, the shirts online-- is strong. but winthrop says the economy's still struggling to reach escape velocity. >> i'm optimistic. i feel good about the manufacturing sector. i think you'll see a lot of this
innovation bringing energy to the manufacturing sector. but i think it's going to take a little while. >> reporter: and with troubling winds blowing in again from europe, economists see a bumpy ride ahead. >> i think unfortunately the second half is going to look about as rocky as what we're looking at right now with soft growth and disappointing job gains. >> reporter: as the outlook has weakened, speculation has grown that the federal reserve may step in again to stimulate the economy. chairman ben bernanke may provide a hint when he testifies before congress later this week. >> reporter: anthony, as you've been telling us for weeks, the one thing that worries wall street and the white house the most is the crumbling of the european economy. the nations of europe taken together add up to the largest economy in the world. for the most part, they're in recession, the euro zone unemployment rate now averages a record 11%. one of several countries in need of a bailout is spain and we sent clarissa ward there to show
us what all the shouting's about. >> reporter: they call themselves los indignados, the indignant ones, a grass-roots protest movement sparked by spain's economic crisis. "shame on you," they shouted. "we will stop this eviction." this madrid protest was to help luz reyes, a single mother of two facing eviction. at the height of spain's housing boom, reyes bought an apartment for $250,000 and borrowed the entire amount. now it's worth half that. "i don't know what is going to happen now," she told me. "i suppose they will put me in the street." reyes has lost one of her jobs cleaning houses. she earns just $620 a month and can no longer afford her payments. her lender is bankia, which last week asked for a $24 billion bailout.
there are fears that it could collapse under a load of toxic debt, mostly bad mortgages, and that spain's economic survival hangs in the balance. many spaniards believe their economy is the victim of reckless lending-- the kind that gave reyes a quarter million dollar mortgage and the kind that approved an $11 billion loan for this luxury project. this development was supposed to be a symbol of spain's new prosperity on the back of a major housing boom. there were plans for soccer fields, swimming pools, even an artificial lake. but today this is a ghost town, less than one quarter of the units here have been sold-- a symbol of a boom gone bust. under spanish law in a foreclosure you lose your home but keep the debt. esther san ruiz was evicted but owes the bank more than $200,000. now she helps people like reyes fight the banks. "there will be justice if we did
what the u.s. does," she said, "where you lose your home but at least you don't to pay off your mortgage on top of that." >> reporter: do you blame the banks? do you blame the government? "i blame the government and the banks," she said. "the banks were giving mortgages to poor people like they were giving candy to a child." on this day reyes was lucky. in a sidewalk negotiation, the bank representative backed down and agreed to work out a deal. it's a reprieve for reyes but it's not a solution for banks struggling under the weight of an estimated $185 billion in bad loans. >> pelley: clarissa is joining us now in the london bureau. clarissa, the european union has put together an emergency bailout fund of about $650 billion. isn't that enough to take care of spain? >> reporter: ostensibly, scott, there would be enough money there to bail out spain but the problem is it wouldn't leave a
lot left over for the next crisis and, as you know, there are several very shaky economies in europe-- ireland, greece, portugal and italy just to name a few. >> pelley: clarissa thank you very much. the attorney representing george zimmerman said today he will ask for another bond hearing. zimmerman, the neighborhood watch captain charged with murdering 17-year-old trayvon martin, had his bond revoked for misleading the judge about how much money he has. mark strassmann in sanford, florida, reports zimmerman was caught on jailhouse phone calls. >> reporter: george zimmerman returned to jail sunday wearing a bulletproof vest under his shirt. lawyer mark o'mara admits his client owes the judge an apology. does your client deserve the benefit of the doubt from a judge who already feels lied to? >> this judge is going to control his courtroom and my client and his family put themselves at risk by not being completely honest. i haven't seen it yet. >> reporter: at this bond hearing last april, zimmerman's wife shelly testified by
telephone and swore under oath their family was broke. >> you all have no money, is that correct? >> to my knowledge, that's correct. >> reporter: when, in fact, they had more than $100,000 in donations on their web site. in over 30 hours of recorded jailhouse phone calls, prosecutors say the couple spoke in code about how to manage the money. four days before that april hearing, zimmerman asked his wife "so total, everything, how much are we looking at?" she responded "like $155." prosecutors say she meant $155,000. >> i think just lester may teach him a lesson but i don't think she'll keep him in jail throughout the case. >> reporter: o'mara insists the zimmermans never intended to deceive the court. they were worried their relatives would want the money. the zimmermans raised $204,000
on their original fund-raising web site but this new site, managed by his legal team, has banked at $37,000 and raises at $1,000 a day. as soon as this week zimmerman's lawyers could get the rest of the state's case that has been kept from public view because of sensitivity concerns. it includes zimmerman's original statements to sanford police and scott, it would also include texts that zimmerman sent to his friends the month after the shooting that disparage civil rights leaders who were at the front of rallies for trayvon martin. >> pelley: and the trial is still months away. mark, thanks very much. we're hearing tonight of a massive disciplinary action against dozens of airport security officers. during a two-month period last year, t.s.a. employees at southwest florida international airport failed to fully screen as many as 400 passengers. five t.s.a. officers have been fired, 38 others have been suspended. in lagos, nigeria, they are searching for victims of yesterday's deadly plane crash. today cranes were brought in to lift pieces of the m.d. 83
jetliner. it went down in an apartment complex near the lagos airport after flying from nigeria's capital, abuja. all 153 people on the plane were killed, as were some people on the ground. the pilot radioed he was having engine trouble just before the crash. four decades ago an american soldier wrote home telling of the horrors that he saw in vietnam. he was killed before he could mail the letters. they were later taken by the north vietnamese. but tonight they are finally coming home. wyatt andrews picks up the story. >> reporter: his letters captured the emotion, fear, and determination of a soldier in the heat of the vietnam war. fighting in a brutal valley, sergeant steve flaherty recalls in a letter to his mom "our platoon started off with 35 men but winded up with 19 men." in another he vows "nothing
seems to go well for us but we'll take that ridge line." sergeant flaherty's letters were released by the vietnamese military today as part of a symbolic exchange with defense secretary leon panetta. panetta in turn handed over the diary of a vietnamese soldier recovered by a u.s. marine. but flaherty's thoughts were a revelation to his grateful relatives in south carolina, including his sister-in-law martha gibbons. >> i had no idea what he was going through. and my heart now 40-something years later just bleeds for him as to how alone and afraid and scared he was. >> reporter: during the war, the vietnamese used the flaherty letters as propaganda. he had once called the war "dirty and cruel."
but today panetta is using the letters strategically. the u.s. wants stronger military ties with vietnam, including u.s. access to cameron bay and the exchange of veteran artifacts is part of breaking the ice. >> it helps to humanize the terrible sacrifice that was made on both sides. >> trying to create peace between two countries that were at war. i just think it is fantastic. >> reporter: it's been 43 years since he died serving his country, but now in the letters he wrote but could never send, sergeant flaherty serves his country still. wyatt andrews, cbs news, washington. >> pelley: childhood cancer survivors may face a greater risk of breast cancer later on. a crash landing for a firefighting plane and a second crash ends in tragedy. and a sky show so rare astronomers once traveled to the ends of the earth to observe it when the "cbs evening news" continues.
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>> p >> pelley: it caught our eye today when researchers at a conference in chicago said they have found a connection between childhood cancer treatment and a higher risk of developing cancer later in life. we asked dr. jon lapook to tell us more. >> reporter: jeannie miller was just a teenager when she was diagnosed with cancer. >> i just heard hodgkin's and i really didn't know what that meant.
as a 16 year old. >> reporter: it meant hodgkin's lymphoma, a cancer of the immune system. miller was successfully treated with chemo and radiation. >> just going to check your neck. >> reporter: for the next 20 years she was carefully monitored for health problems that could develop from cancer treatment. >> i knew there was a reason i was going back every year. i knew that they had saved me once and that i may need them again. >> this is showing some abnormal areas. >> reporter: she did. last august cancer was detected in both breasts. >> i expected it to come when i was 60 or 70. >> when did it come? >> when i was 36. i just kept saying, you know, this cannot be happening. >> reporter: again. >> again. >> reporter: the study of more than 1,200 women who received chest radiation for childhood cancers found 24% develop breast cancer by age 50. for hodgkin's lymphoma survivors like miller it was 30%, about 15
times the normal rate. diane moskowitz of memorial sloan-kettering cancer center in new york helped run the study. >> we're talking about 50,000 women alive today who have been treated with high doses of radiation and these women should be getting screened. >> reporter: but fewer than half get the yearly recommended breast m.r.i. starting at age 25. jeannie miller had a double mastectomy last fall and appears to be cancer-free. do you ever think "what would have happened if i didn't pick this up?" >> it's a scary place and you let yourself go there for like two minutes, two seconds, and you crawl your way back out. because it didn't and i'm grateful for that. >> reporter: survivors for any type of childhood cancer need close follow-up. possible affects of the treatment include an increased risk of getting number of cancers, not just breast, as well as damage to the heart, kidney and lungs. >> pelley: fascinating. doctor, thanks very much.
we got a reminder of how dangerous fighting wildfires can be. over the weekend a tanker plane made this emergency landing outside reno after its landing gear failed. no one was hurt there, but the same day another tanker crashed along the utah/nevada border. pilots todd tomkins and ronnie chambless were killed. two heavenly bodies dancing with the stars. that's just ahead. if you are one of the millions of men who have used androgel 1%, there's big news. presenting androgel 1.62%. both are used to treat men with low testosterone. androgel 1.62% is from the makers of the number one prescribed testosterone replacement therapy.
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>> pelley: may is usually the deadliest month for tornados but the national weather service said today there were no tornado death this is past may. we have a chance to see something tomorrow that we will never see again. it's called the transit of venus. venus will pass between the earth and the sun, appearing as a dot moving across the sun's surface. it won't happen again for 105 years. what's the big deal? well, elaine quijano tells us the transit was once used to solve a mystery of the universe. >> reporter: for astronomers it's a twice-in-a lifetime spectacle. this is nasa video of the 2004 transit of venus which won't happen again until the 22nd century. but in the 1700s, the transit ignited the first great space race-- the quest for a yardstick of the heavens. andrea wolf wrote the book "chasing venus." >> in the 18th century,
astronomers believed they could use the transit of venus to answer one of the most pressing questions of the age, which was the size of the solar system. but they also knew that their measurements would improve navigation, which was, of course, important for trading and naval power. >> reporter: scientists decided that by measuring the timing and angles of venus crossing the sun from various points on earth that they could calculate the distance from earth to sun. but this triangulation required dispatching hundreds of astronomers from nearly a dozen nations to far-flung corners of the globe. they dragged cumbersome equipment like this to the arctic circle, the tip of africa and siberia. what kind of terrain did they have to drag these things through? >> everything, basically. very vicious, hostile environments: tropical storms, hurricanes. >> reporter: captain james cook's first voyage to tahiti was a mission to record the transit. in philadelphia, inventor david rittenhouse was obsessed with planning for the transit.
his written recording of the 1769 transit was a great success-- except for a mysterious six-minute gap. >> he was so excited that when venus finally appears on the sun he faints, missing the beginning of the most important scientific moment of his life. >> reporter: those 18th century measurements were, in fact, pretty close. they projected the distance to the sun as between 92 and 97 million miles. the actual distance we now know is 93 million miles. elaine quijano, cbs news, philadelphia. >> pelley: a celebration 60 years in the making. that's next.
>> pelley: few public figures have the staying power of britain's queen elizabeth. her reign began with a coronation at westminster abbey and now she's starting her 60th year on the throne. from london here's mark phillips. >> reporter: they held a little jubilee party at buckingham palace, otherwise known as buck house. >> ♪ our house, in the middle of our street... ♪ >> reporter: and the royal house of windsor seems to be in pretty good shape. queen elizabeth, the opinion
polls say, is more popular than ever, approval ratings over 80%. that's not an accident. there's been a royal rebranding. >> i don't think the royals ever saw the house of windsor being a brand. >> reporter: but the public relations agent said the royals faced a p.r. disaster just 15 years ago when princess diana died and they were slow to sense the national mood of grief. the royal brand had to modernize. >> they clearly looked at their assets and they focused on those assets. >> reporter: diana's children and the woman one of them married could provide the needed glamour and accessibility. with an aging grandmother, william and kate and harry can also ease the royal public appearance burden. >> what we're seeing is the emergence of an inner core of young, cool royals. >> reporter: "society magazine" editor rachel johnson says the kids also bring star power. >> i mean, you know, rail thin hollywood types who are turning into the biggest celebrities in the world.
so that's inevitably having a sprinkling of fairy dust over all of them. >> reporter: with that kind of supporting cast, great royal extravaganzas like this weekend's river pageant become even more of a spectacle. the world and even jolly old england have changed a lot in the 60 years since elizabeth has been on the throne and the secret to her enduring popularity may be that while she's appeared to change with the times she really hasn't changed at all. >> she doesn
take a look at this, proposition 29 was: 67% yes in march. now only 50 percent support it. phil matier is here with the " no on 29 " strategy that appears to be working >> it appears to be, the real question is will it? because this race has more from a sure thing one way, to real cliffhanger. here is the story. >> it raises $735 million in tobacco taxes but not one penny goes to new funding for cancer treatment. >>nk